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BOV's...a little tip

Old 09-23-2002, 08:07 PM
  #1  
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Default BOV's...a little tip

<center><img src="http://pictureposter.audiworld.com/1510/mvc-376s.1.jpg"></center><p>For those of you who have tried to make BOV's work and have been unable to, here is a little information.

Why use a BPV or BOV valve at all??? Well, if you are under boost and you come off of the accelerator, the throttle closes. The boost pressure backs up in the intake plumbing and will dramatically slow the spinning of the turbo compressor wheel....even if you instantaneously come off the throttle and go back on. Not only do you slow the turbo, but you have lost the inertia (like the train effect) and you have created one of the situations that is called "turbo lag". The BPV (or BOV) lets the boosted pressure out of the intake tract and reduces the slowdown of the wheel. There are those that feel that a BPV dumping air back into the compressor wheel keeps it turning at a high rate....actually, if you look at the design of most turbo compressor wheels on the intake side, you will see the fins somewhat overlapping...if you blow into it, it creates very little spin effect. They are designed to catch air and transfer it (suck in air). It is like blowing into the middle of a pinwheel as opposed to blowing at the tips. I think the manufacturer uses BPVs for several reason, one would possibly be emissions, another would be ease and noise restrictions...but certainly not for total performance. The BOVs let the turbo spin and slow on its own through friction, not through any induced pressure. I have been around many turbo race engines...Indy cars, Porsche 935/956/962, etc....and they all use BOVs.

We now use them exclusively in the Grand-Am Cup MTM S4 and have done so for about one full season of racing. We started doing so when special hoses that had been made for the BPVs failed at Mid-Ohio last year and blew as we were dumping the boost back into the intake hoses. These weren't stock hoses, but special parts that our sponsor had made for us that were supposed to be stronger than stock. I thought...wow, that is a lot of pressure buildup!! Under heavy boost, like with K04's, the stock valve cannot get rid of enough air quickly enough!

We then got adjustable valves from TURBOXS...first we got H29s. Solid anodized aluminum hosing with brass pistons...no internal rubber boot to blow.

We would shim up the underside of the spring with the enclosed washers so that the valves would just stay closed at idle....one more shim installed and they would have opened at idle, which is what you don't want...in fact, this is probably what is happening to those of you that are trying BOVs and the engines run very rich at idle and very poorly, but smooth out when driving at higher rpm....the piston is probably open at idle. The spring tension on a non adjustable valve isn't strong enough to keep the piston closed. You don't notice it when the valve is plumbed back in as a BPV because it is more closed loop and doesn't create a vacuum leak...I say vacuum leak, but it is actual a pressure leak because even though you are not boosting the turbos, there is still a small amount of pressurized air coming out of the open valve...and this is metered air that the engine does not get, hence lending to a richer running engine.

The key is to run valves (whatever kind they may be) that have an adjustable piston spring pressure if they are small valves. The smaller the piston, the more spring pressure you will have to run because the engine produces a lot of vacuum in the intake manifold at idle which will open smaller valves quite easy.

We later went to H39 (left in the picture) and now use TURBOXS H (right in the picture) valves which are very large...but they blow the excess boost off when the throttle valve is closed very efficiently. With the large pistons, it takes more vacuum to open them, but they dump the boost better. We have no lag between gear changes...instant boost when modulating the trhrottle in corners. Our idle is perfectly smooth...and yes, all of our intake system by design is the same as your street engines (we may have different hardware but the principles are the same). Our engines do not run rich at idle, nor do they belch out smoke from being too rich.

If someone says they won't work, either they haven't tried them or they have not applied proper mechanical expertise to the style they are using. A key is using a larger than stock valve size...which means using a larger diameter hose.

We certainly don't do it for the noise, which can become a bit too much (fans along the track like it)...we use them because they make our engines produce the horsepower quicker in between shifts.

Champion racing also uses them on their SCCA GT S4s...actually, they use one centered mounted BOV that is located where the power steering pump used to be(they use an electric pump).

Best wishes to all

Don Istook
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Old 09-23-2002, 08:10 PM
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Default hey, you said a "little tip"

Thanks Don. Any chance you could put up some hard data on bpv versus bov, so the controversy can end.?
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Old 09-23-2002, 08:12 PM
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Default you are awesome, thanks for the real life tested info.

this is the reason i love this forum.
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Old 09-23-2002, 08:15 PM
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So... how much do these bad boys go for? ;-) Where can I get em?
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Old 09-23-2002, 08:16 PM
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Default Well, the tip itself is small, but it took a while to get there

Currently, I don't have time and I won't convert our race car back to use BPVs. I would do some testing on a street car if one was supplied to me.

I liked your cage...I couldn't tell from the picture...MIG or TIG...who did your bends?? I knew from looking at it that it wasn't for the S4. I have built three of them (in fact, one hangs from my shop ceiling) and I knew that as good as it looked....ain't for an S4!!

Don
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Old 09-23-2002, 08:17 PM
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http://www.turboxs.com/
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Old 09-23-2002, 08:21 PM
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Default Well, it's tremendous to see someone take the time to post up such concise and useful info (truly).

Thanks very much.
Your is the first post that has made Bov's sound like anything more that an expensive noisemaker for S4s. Your writeup lends credence to the idea.
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Old 09-23-2002, 08:23 PM
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Damn you and my credit card bills!!!!!!!!
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Old 09-23-2002, 08:30 PM
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Default How about the mounting hardware? Is it the same as they have for the "1.8T?"

Do they include a plug for the dumpback into the intake tract? Or did you have to fabricate your own?
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Old 09-23-2002, 08:53 PM
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Default This is the one that I found on the site is this the right one???

<center><img src="http://www.turboxs.com/images/BOV_H-RFL.jpg"></center><p>it is called
Blow Off Valve H-RFL
1 @ $179.00
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